The Gestapo

The German Secret Police or “Sipo” were the political part of the German Police Organization. The Gestapo were the active department of Sipo and were,  therefore, often  seen as representative of the entire German Secret Police. The Gestapo’s main role was to fight against resistance and avert espionage. Those that worked at The Archive were responsible for both of the Agder counties. There were also smaller offices placed in Arendal, Farsund, Flekkefjord,  as well as Knaben because of its important mining business.  

The Kristiansand department at The Archive was subject to the commander in Stavanger but had, despite  this, an extremely independent roll and many employees for being a local office. At the time of capitulation, the staff consisted of about 35 service people.  Nine of these were women. There were five Norwegians employed as interpreters and one as writing help. 

There were over a hundred German citizens connected to the business during the war years. Close to 90 Norwegians served for Sipo in Kristiansand during the occupation.

You are looking at some of the most central members of the Gestapo who were employed at The Archive:

Rudolf Kerner, Lipicki, Fridrich Wilhelm Meyer, Paul Glomb, and Franz Gromann.  All of them participated in the torture of prisoners at The Archive. Several of them committed the murder of Soviet prisoners of war. It is difficult to draw a full picture of who the perpetrators were at The Archive. They had different ranks, ages, and social and political backgrounds. I some instances, they contributed in helping Norwegian prisoners.

Ole Wehus was among the Norwegians who worked for the Gestapo. Wehus was born and raised in Kristiansand and had a large network of contacts in the south coast. The Gestapo knew this and took advantage of it when Wehus began working for the State Police. After a while, he became a central character at The Archive. He participated in the torture of 90 prisoners at The Archive and contributed in the uncovering of the resistance movement on the south coast.

Wehus is the only Norwegian from the south who received the death sentence in the court settlement after the war. He was executed at Akershus Fortress in Oslo on the 10th of March, 1947.